We envision a thriving, carbon-based industrial ecosystem that is meeting the material needs of humanity while also sustaining a stable, healthy environment.


Accelerate the transformation of our industrial ecosystem to one that turns gigatons of carbon pollution into durable products by capturing and converting it to carbon-based materials useful in advanced manufacturing.

The future of carbon-fueled sustainability

The current level of CO2 in Earth's atmosphere is for the first time over 400 parts per million. CO2 is vital to life on earth. A miniscule proportion of CO2 in our atmosphere (only about 275 ppm since the beginning of human civilization) is enough to maintain the conditions for life. However, carbon-fueled energy production, manufacturing, and transportation are now pushing CO2 levels far past the point of danger.

If humanity wishes to preserve a planet similar to that on which civilization developed and to which life on Earth is adapted, paleo-climate evidence and ongoing climate change suggest that CO2 will need to be reduced from [current levels] to at most 350 ppm.”

— Dr. James Hansen, former head of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies, and one of the most respected climatologists in the world

The aim of the Carbon Trifecta is to convert the overabundance of CO2 from an existential threat to a business opportunity that can lead to a sustainable global economy. Implementing the Carbon Trifecta will require a focused collaboration among scientists, technologists, business leaders, policy-makers, and ordinary citizens around the world.

  1. Convert carbon dioxide to a suite of highly functional nano-carbon (e.g.graphene) products at large scale and at a cost in the lower end of the price range of industrial carbons.
  2. Work with industry to create commercial products based on this abundant new source of highly functional material.
  3. In particular, focus on developing robust 3D printing materials, thus enabling the transition from globally outsourced mass production to locally sourced customized production.